The Arab Mosque In Istanbul
The first mosques in Istanbul and the oldest and most sacred. This mosque is considered a piece of Andalusia and the Arab Umayyad history. The Arab Mosque is located in the north of Istanbul, near the Galata Tower.
The mosque was built in 717 AD by the Umayyad Arab army, and the Umayyad commander Muslima bin Abdul Malik ordered its construction after the conquest of the city of “Galata” and the expulsion of the Byzantines from it until the Ottomans lost it at the beginning of their appearance. The Byzantines turned it into a church
The Umayyad Arab army was not able to conquer the entire city of Constantinople, but it took control of small cities surrounding the city, including “Galata” and the first call to prayer was raised in Istanbul by the Umayyad Islamic army
Seven years after the control of the Umayyad army, the Arab army withdrew from the area, so the Christian forces entered the area and converted the mosque into a church
And it remained so until the entry of the Islamic army led by Muhammad II and returning it to a mosque
The first mosque in Istanbul – Andalusian architecture
The mosque rests on 22 wooden columns, while the upper section rests on 8 columns of alabaster stones. It consists of 3 floors and has 70 windows.
After the fall of Andalusia, some of the Moroccan Arab clans, headed by the Al-Ahmar tribe, migrated from Andalusia to Constantinople and settled in the vicinity of the mosque.
Also useful for you: Islamic tourism in Turkey
The tomb of Muslima bin Abd al-Malik the Umayyad
Abu Saeed Maslama bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al-Hakam bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayyad Umayyad al-Qurashi (66 AH-685AD / Muharram 7, 121 AH-December 24, 738 AD), is an Umayyad prince, military leader, wali, politician and statesman. He emerged between the year 86 AH-705 AD and the year 121 AH-738 AD by fighting many battles, invasions and military campaigns on the Byzantine Roman Empire, the Khazar Empire, and the Kharijites.
Some historical sources add that Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik went out on a final campaign to the Roman lands, died there and was buried next to the mosque.
While some other sources say that Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik died in Aleppo and was buried there, and that the one buried in the vicinity of the Arab Mosque in Istanbul is another Umayyad leader.
Istanbul contains many tombs of military leaders and honorable companions who passed away on the city walls
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